General Knowledge facts about the newly formed state in India : Telangana is quite astonishing. On 02-June-2014, India’s 29th state was born. Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana. Both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, the two successor states to unified Andhra Pradesh that came into existence, swear by Telugu.
Here are 15 facts you need to know about ‘Telangana';
Fact 1: Year 1953: The States Reorganization Committee advises against the immediate merger of Telangana with the then Andhra Pradesh.
Fact 2: Nov 25, 1955: Andhra Pradesh assembly passes resolution to provide safeguards to Telangana.
Fact 3: Nov 1, 1956: Telangana merged with the Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh.
Fact 5: Jan 1969: As conciliatory measure, the All-Party State Accord was signed. Indira Gandhi also announced packages for the region, styled an eight-point formula and a five-point formula. Court upholds the rule of job and educational quotas for Telangana. Then, the anti-Telangana stir was launched — the Jai Andhra Movement. It is important to note here that, Venkaiah Naidu and Chandrababu Naidu were in the forefront of the Jai Andhra stir. The Centre, post the stir, yielded and nullified almost all the safeguards that had been put in place.
Fact 6: Year 1969 to 2000: During this period, various protests were organized by agitators — both pro- and anti-Telangana — which often took a bloody turn.
Fact 7: Year 2001: In this year, KCR picked up the statehood for Telangana demand. He also walked out of Telugu Desam Party and launched the Telangana Rashtra Samithi. Sonia Gandhi, during this period, had written to the NDA government at the Centre to push for the creation of the separate state of Telangana.
Fact 8: Year 2004: Congress and TRS enter into a poll alliance.
Fact 9: Year 2006: Congress and TRS part ways when the demand for the separate state of Telangana is not met.
Fact 10: Dec 2009: UPA-II’s home minister, Sushilkumar Shinde hints at the fact that the Centre is serious about the recognition of Telangana as a separate state. In this regard, the Srikrishna Committee is set up which had submitted its report in 2010.
Fact 11: Dec 2012: Home minister Sushilkumar Shinde announces that the decision regarding Telangana will be taken in a month.
Fact 12: July 30, 2013: Congress announces the formation of the separate state of Telangana. It is all set to become India’s 29th state.
Fact 13: Feb 18, 2014: Telangana Bill is passed by voice amid major disruptions by MPs from Seemandhra.
Fact 14: June 2, 2014: Telangana formally comes into existence. K Chandrasekhar Rao takes oath as the state’s first chief minister.
Fact 15: Countless deaths: The creation of the separate state of Telangana, after a mammoth struggle that spanned close to 60 years, also witnessed horrific incidents of violence throughout the once unified state of Andhra Pradesh. In 2010, it was reported that 73 students had committed suicide and 1,812 students attempted to take their own lives demanding that a separate state of Telangana be created. Also, during the 1969 Telangana Agitation, a crowd of over 1,000 agitators had tried to set fire to a sub-inspector’s residence.